Who are the Stolpersteine for?
For everybody persecuted by the Nazis: Jews, homosexuals, Sinti and Roma (gypsies), victims of the Nazis’ “euthanasia” programs, and groups.
What about survivors of the Nazis’ persecution. Do they get Stolpersteine?
Yes. This is because the Stolpersteine document the fates of entire families and groups.
Where are the Stolpersteine placed?
On the sidewalks in front of the buildings in which the victims last lived their normal lives – prior to their becoming victims.
Who applies and donates the money for the Stolpersteine?
The largest group is comprised of the owners and tenants of the buildings in which the victims lived, followed by members of victims’ families and support groups (such as homosexuals).
How much does a Stolperstein cost?
€120. That covers the creation and placement of the Stolperstein.
What happens if someone can’t afford that?
No problem. We find the money. There are always many donors who are glad to contribute.
How do I apply for a Stolperstein?
By contacting the organization responsible for your area. There are 1,600 such organizations. We can help you find them. Please fill out the application form and send it to firstname.lastname@example.org The local organization handles the researching of the victim’s life and the ordering and placement of the Stolperstein.
How often are Stolpersteine defaced, damaged or removed? And what happens when this takes place?
To date, according to Gunter Demnig, the artist who created the Stolpersteine, 600 of the 80,000 Stolpersteine have suffered this fate. They were all replaced ASAP – within a few days or weeks.
How often are the Stolpersteine cleaned?
At least once a year and often on November 9th Reichspogromnacht. In Munich, we clean our Stolpersteine 2-3 times a year.
Who decides upon the wording of the Stolpersteine?
Working with organizations of commemoration, Gunter Demnig established guidelines for the wording.
How many Stolpersteine are there, and who are they for?
As of June 2019, there were 80,000 Stolpersteine in 1,600 cities in 26 countries. Germany has 56,000 Stolpersteine. They are to be found in 1,100 cities.
Jews constitute the largest group commemorated, followed by…..
What sources of information are there on the Stolpersteine?
Gunter’s Website is stolpersteine.eu
Wikipedia has a helpful entry: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stolpersteine
Are family members consulted prior to the creation of Stolpersteine?
Yes. And all of them have to agree to the placement.
Who staffs the Stolpersteine organizations?
Volunteers working on pro bono bases. Gunter has a team of eight persons. It handles the creation and placement of Stolpersteine, and the keeping of records.
How long will it take to get my Stolperstein placed?
There is a huge demand for Stolpersteine. Which is good. The negative thing is that you may have to wait between six months and a year for the placement to take place.
Who places the Stolpersteine?
Gunter. In some cases, local organizations carry out placements – in agreement with Gunter and his staff.
Is there opposition to the Stolpersteine?
There is, notably in Munich, in which the leader of the ultra-orthodox congregation is against them. Munich is one of several cities that restrict the placement of Stolpersteine to on private property.
What cities have the most Stolpersteine?
Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Frankfurt.
What’s the history of the Stolpersteine?
Gunter, a conceptual artist, launched the project in Cologne in 1991. The first officially-approved Stolpersteine were placed in July 1997. This was in Austria. The Stolpersteine were for two brothers, Jehovah’s Witnesses, who refused to serve in the Nazi armed forces.